The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is a global initiative to combat climate change and its impacts. It aims to limit the increase in global temperatures to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while also pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The agreement requires each country to set their own nationally determined contributions (NDCs) to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. These NDCs are submitted every five years, and each country is expected to report on their progress towards meeting their targets.
Currently, 195 countries and the European Union have ratified the Paris Agreement. Let`s take a closer look at some of the most notable contributions from different countries.
China, the world`s largest emitter of greenhouse gases, has pledged to peak its carbon emissions by 2030 and to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in its energy mix to around 20% by the same year.
India, the third-largest emitter, has committed to reducing emissions intensity – the amount of emissions per unit of GDP – by 33-35% below 2005 levels by 2030. It has also set ambitious targets for renewable energy, aiming to achieve 40% of its electricity generation from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
The United States, which is currently the second-largest emitter, had originally committed to reducing its emissions by 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025. However, the Trump administration withdrew from the agreement in 2017. The Biden administration has since rejoined the agreement, and has set a new target of reducing emissions by 50-52% below 2005 levels by 2030.
The European Union has pledged to reduce its emissions by at least 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. It is also aiming to achieve a 32% share of renewable energy in its final energy consumption by the same year.
Brazil, which is home to a significant portion of the Amazon rainforest, has pledged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 43% below 2005 levels by 2030. It has also committed to ending illegal deforestation and restoring 12 million hectares of forests by 2030.
Of course, these are just a few examples of the contributions made by different countries. Each country`s NDC is unique to their specific circumstances and priorities. However, the Paris Agreement represents a crucial step towards a more sustainable future for all, and the continued commitment of each country will be necessary to reach its goals.